Schematic | Circuit guide | Manual Wiring diagram | Electronic

Voltage Regulators

Posted by merzaha gulhku Tuesday, July 30, 2013 0 comments
Voltage regulator integrated circuits are widely used in electronics. There are two main types of regulator: linear and switching. This page concerns the linear variety.
The idea of a regulator is simple: you place it between an irregular voltage source (such as a battery, a solar cell, or an unsmoothed DC supply) and a circuit which requires a constant supply voltage. Even if your circuit can work from an unsmoothed supply it may still be a good idea to use a regulator because built into it is a current limiting feature which will protect the supply when you accidently short it on your circuit.
The simplest regulator of all is called a three terminal regulator .

There is one connection for the unsmoothed input, one for the regulated output, and one for a common. They are obtainable for outputs of 5, 12, 15 or 24 volts, either positive or negative. You also have a choice of permissable current capability: most often 100mA or 1A.
For experimental or prototype work it may be too expensive to stock all 16 types mentioned above.